For example, Santos et al 2015 explored the influence of acute poverty, informality, colonial history, and ethnic group identity on the way social ventures perceive themselves and on their choice of activities in Africa. In the present paper, we describe, first, the European historical landscapes in which the concept of social enterprise took root. Social enterprise in Europe: At the crossroads of market, public policies and third sector. In the third part, we analyse the logics of financing of social enterprises. Harvard business review, 76, 54-69. The article concludes with some reflections in relation to the apparent consensus that seems to exist around social enterprise as a legitimate subject of public policy and the resulting social enterprization of public services which is currently taking place in England. Globalization of social entrepreneurship opportunities.
Part 1: Mapping social enterprise models The first part seeks to provide detailed descriptions and to build typologies of social enterprise models as they have emerged and developed in several countries of Western and Eastern Europe, North America, Latin America, Africa as well as South and East Asia, Australia and New Zealand and also in different fields of activities. Thus, historical institutionalism accentuates both the opportunities and constraints on action that they impose within a given context, both macro and micro, and agency in this scenario is not without structure and the other way round. Bibliographic reference Nyssens, Marthe ; Defourny, Jacques ; et. While Kerlin 2013 makes use of macro-level institutions to show how they put pressure on social enterprise organizations through opportunities and constraints to fulfill particular functions and be structured in specific ways. Conceptions of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship in Europe and the United States: Convergences and divergences. Policy and Society, 29 3 , 231-242. Country studies were conducted along common broad guidelines, and they were discussed and revised at various stages, which insured a fairly good level of comparability.
The triple bottom line: what is it and how does it work? International principles for social impact assessment. Framing a theory of social entrepreneurship: Building on two schools of practice and thought. A partner may focus on one or several geographical parts of the country, on some specific fields of activity and only on one of the two major parts of the Project. Social enterprise journal, 7 1 , 86-111. Social Entrepreneurship: Definition and Boundaries.
Technology Innovation Management Review February 2012: Technology Entrepreneurship. Impact assessment and project appraisal, 21 1 , 5-12. The power of unreasonable people: How social entrepreneurs create markets that change the world: Harvard Business School Press. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 42 1 , 84-108. Document type Contribution à ouvrage collectif Book Chapter — Chapitre Access type Accès libre Publication date 2012 Language Anglais Host document Gidron, B.
Hasenfeld, Social Enterprises: An Organizational Perspective, Palgrave-Macmillan : New-York 2012, p. Cannibals with forks : the triple bottom line of 21st century business. Handbook of research on social entrepreneurship, 29-56. Social and commercial entrepreneurship: same, different, or both? Until recently, the debates on both sides of the Atlantic have taken place in parallel trajectories with few connections among them. . Annals of Tourism Research, 38 4 , 1570-1593.
Therefore, historical institutionalism provides a basis for theorizing that situates agents within both a macro- and micro-context that frames and shapes the strategies they are likely to pursue and with which they are likely to affect real change. Social capital and tourism entrepreneurship. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 79 3-4 , 549-577. Study on Practices and Policies in the social enterprise sector in Europe. Moreover, this seems to be the first systematic comparative analysis on social enterprise involving all industrialised countries in Eastern Asia. Part 2: Institutionalization processes of social enterprise models The second part examines the processes through which these social enterprise models have been or are currently being institutionalized.
Creating a world without poverty: Social business and the future of capitalism: PublicAffairs. Findings — Five major models of social enterprise with specific dynamics can be identified in Eastern Asia. The major aim of this e-book is threefold: 1 to describe the context and the major factors which explain the emergence and development of social enterprise within each national context of various countires in Eastern Asia; 2 to provide an overall picture of the various categories of organizations which can be considered as social enterprises although they are not necessarily named that way; 3 and finally to identify major challenges those organizations are facing as well as their perspectives for further development. The main argument of the paper: Social enterprise, broadly defined as addressing social issues through market strategies remains a contested concept. Emerging models of social enterprise in Eastern Asia: a cross-country analysis.
There have been various angles and dimensions taken to this effect. Business models of social enterprise: A design approach to hybridity. Internet marketing, business models, and public policy. Findings — Five major models of social enterprise with specific dynamics can be identified in Eastern Asia. Country studies were conducted along common broad guidelines, and they were discussed and revised at various stages, which insured a fairly good level of comparability. Each chapter examines the conceptualization, history, legal and political frameworks, supporting institutions, and latest developments and challenges for social enterprise in a given region or country. Research on social entrepreneurship: Understanding and contributing to an emerging field, 1 3 , 39-66.
Strategic Planning: The Business Model: Relied upon for years, the traditional business model is on shaky ground. Indeed, it aims at comparing social enterprise models and their respective institutionalisation processes across the world. Two full days will be devoted to the Symposium. Country studies were conducted along common broad guidelines, and they were discussed and revised at various stages, which insured a fairly good level of comparability. Introduction to environmental impact assessment: principles and procedures, process, practice, and prospects: Routledge.
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 80 2 , 247-273. Moreover, this seems to be the first systematic comparative analysis on social enterprise involving all industrialised countries in Eastern Asia. Country studies were conducted along common broad guidelines, and they were discussed and revised at various stages, which insured a fairly good level of comparability. Service Business, 6 1 , 61-83. Value migration: How to think several moves ahead of the competition: Harvard Business Press. Purpose — This paper aims to compare profiles of social enterprises as they are emerging in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan and South Korea and to highlight common features across countries allowing the identification of partly East-Asian-specific model s of social enterprise. Nonetheless, Romania also features social enterprises that are not externally driven but developed bottom-up, starting from the needs of their members and of the communities in which they are established and developed.