To sum up the preceding discussion, we can say that, on balance, Japan does not appear to be particularly multicultural in terms of either discourse 1. Portraying the multiple intersections of race, ethnicity, class, and gender, the book suggests ways in which the transcultural borderlands of Japan reflect globalization in this island nation. Taking the largest minority population in Japan — Koreans — as an example, the record is not good. Goodman, Roger 1992 'Ideology and Practice in Japan: Towards a Theoretical Approach', in Ideology and Practice in Modern Japan. . Given the centrality of these terms in discussions on diversity in Japan — for example, tabunka kyosei is the official slogan of Kawasaki City — it is disappointing to see them so often accepted at face value with little or no critical analysis.
Asian Studies Review: The Journal of the Asian Studies Association of Australia 28:3 September , pp. The third area relates to the employment of foreign residents as public officials. Such polemics illustrate the danger of replacing one discourse — homogeneity — with another — multiculturalism — without first having an understanding of how discourse itself functions. The E-mail message field is required. This is not to say that such work does not have importance; rather, in order to construct a broader, more balanced, picture of Japanese society it is also important to look at what is happening or not happening outside of such areas.
The conference attracted a broad range of scholars, ranging from biological anthropologists to historians, and this diversity is preserved in the book. One finding that emerged from my Burgess 2003 study of international marriage migrants in Yamagata was that while the migrants themselves were active in transforming hearts and minds at the grassroots level, their children were growing up, almost without exception, as monolingual and monocultural, assimilated within a generation. Such an atmosphere exacerbates the process of exclusion, opposition, and hierachisation that is known as Othering Cahoone 1996: 16. London and New York: Routledge, pp. For example, in 2005 Osaka Prefecture granted foreign residents who have lived in the nation for more than three years the right to vote in a local referendum, reportedly the first such move in the nation Daily Yomiuri 2005c. Here, migration statistics are the obvious place to start. The premise of the book is clear from the title: while Japan has usually been called a monocultural society, evidence reaching back to prehistoric times contradicts this assumption of homogeneity, providing instead an image of a multicultural society, albeit one that commonly denies any possibility of diversity.
In November 1996, the Ministry of Home Affairs changed the nationality clause in public employment laws to allow local governments to hire non-Japanese health workers, maternity nurses, and nurses Gurowitz 1999: 441. Having only a very weak background in linguistics, I had no idea what distinction John C. It challenges the myth of Japanese uniqueness by focussing on very common experiences that Japanese people share with people in other parts of the world. Although support for multiculturalism is not necessarily the same thing as support for immigration, in practice a belief in the doctrine of multiculturalism underlies a belief in the value of migration. This is a boon in making more accessible contemporary work done in Japan. Above all, it seeks to counteract the common tendency to see complexity as a threat by illustrating the value of diversity and cultural plurality to society as a whole.
Oxford and New York: Berghahn. Chris Burgess took his PhD at Monash University, Melbourne. The economic pull for immigrants is irresistible. Because the Ainu, the burakumin, and many people of Korean descent living in Japan are Japanese citizens, i. Net migration is the annual number of immigrants minus the annual number of emigrants.
I was especially fascinated to discover that there is more than one type of sign language in Japan. This new edition updates the description and interpretation of the entire history of religion in Japan in light of the latest developments in the field. While sympathetic to the Japanese attempt to resist Western cultural hegemonism and the pretense that Western European values are universal, the contributors incline towards post-modern cultural relativism rather than any sort of hegemonism, European or Japanese p. Tessa Morris-Suzuki's contribution Part Two, Chapter Five, Descent into the Past: The Frontier in the Construction of Japanese Identity takes as its starting point an article by Immanuel Wallerstein, in which he recommends taking a new look at our notions of time and space in history. Nakamatsu, Tomoko 2002 'Marriage, Migration, and the International Marriage Business in Japan'. Sometimes this grasp of discursive reality is more apparent in journalistic than academic writing.
Cambridge and Oxford: Blackwell, pp. The influence of Orientalism on the western tradition of Japanese studies has received far too little attention to date Minear 1980; Susser 1998. Figures, tables, notes, and index. Moreover, with the total population entering a long period of decline, the percentage of foreigners in the total population will continue to rise even if their numbers stabilise. Cahoone, Lawrence 1996 'Introduction', in From Modernism to Postmodernism: An Anthology.
His research focuses on migration and identity in Japan and includes papers on international marriage and 'newcomer children' in Yamagata Prefecture. It is far more problematic when there are Japanese who exhibit traits or behavior that differs from the majority. She proceeds to demonstrate how this may be the case in Japanese conceptions of the Ainu and the Roykoyans. It is unfortunately often the case that, when writing in English, scholars fail to cite many references in other languages. Even factoring in the 300,000+ Koreans who, according to Shipper 2002: 55 have become naturalised Japanese citizens since 1952, and perhaps another 50,000+ non-Korean naturalisations, the total still only comes to 2,125,909. Murphy-Shigematsu, Stephen 2004 'Ethnic Diversity, Identity and Citizenship in Japan'. See also his Japan Times article of March 27, 2007,.