By 1793, was using the term cabinet to refer to these conferences. The president nominates members of the Cabinet, who must then be approved by at least 51 votes in the Senate. The president also appoints, without the approval of the Senate, to high-level positions within the federal government. The terms on this test deal with all aspects of the Executive Branch including Presidential elections, powers, limitations on powers, the Vice Presidency, and the Bureaucracy. It also consists of a cabinet, foreign ministers, the police force, etc. As the head of the executive branch, the President of the United States functions as the head of state representing and as the of all branches of the U. Having seen how the king and other European monarchs tended to abuse their powers, the designers of the Constitution wanted to place strict limits on the power that the president would have.
Homeland Security will analyze intelligence from sources such as the , the National Security Agency, the , the , the , the Customs Service, and the department of transportation. The vice president is also president of the , and can cast a tie-breaking vote in the Senate. The plural executive also creates a powerful executive officer the lieutenant governor in the state legislature, outside the office of the governor. Cross-references ; ; ; ;. The Framers did not divide powers among the branches so much as they required the separate branches to share power, resulting in a complex system of checks and balances that prevents any one branch from gaining power over the others. The federal government has 15 executive departments including Defense, State, Justice, Labor, Education, Health and Human Services and so on.
Specifically, the president has the authority to be commander in chief of the armed forces; to grant pardons; to make treaties; and to appoint ambassadors, Supreme Court justices, and other government officers. Who is in Charge of the Executive Branch? Though the executive branch does have specific legal powers, the principal power of each president is simply that individual's ability to persuade others—primarily those in Congress—to follow recommendations. For example, the president is given the power to make treaties with foreign countries, but those treaties must be approved by the Senate by a two-thirds majority. Executive Orders In addition to signing bills passed by Congress into law, the president can also issue executive orders, which direct how existing laws are interpreted and enforced. This Executive Branch vocabulary quiz covers the most important vocabulary words with respect to the U.
The governor has the following legislative powers: message power, veto power including the line-item veto and post-adjournment veto , and the power to call and set the agenda for special sessions. The prohibits any person from being elected president more than twice. The vice president is also elected to a four-year term, but vice presidents can serve an unlimited number of terms, even under different presidents. The president may serve no more than two four year terms. William Clements became the first Republican to be elected since Reconstruction, and George W. This staff includes a chief of staff, a deputy chief of staff, a general counsel, and a press secretary.
Presidents have used their cabinets in widely different ways. The Constitution makes no specific reference to a president's cabinet; rather, the cabinet is an institution that has evolved over the years. In 1825, President requested that Congress appropriate funds for presidential staff, but Congress was unwilling to spend the money. As a result, presidents became overworked and exhausted. Available online at accessed November 12, 2003 Hart, John. That might help you remember that the executive branch of government is in charge of the country, because that branch includes the President.
Two major regulatory agencies, the Railroad Commission and the State Board of Education, are run by officials who are also independently elected. Hoping to protect the liberties of individual citizens by preventing the government from abusing its power, the Framers crafted the first three articles of the Constitution to establish three separate branches of government: the legislative, the executive and the. The largest organizational units within the executive branch are the 15 executive departments: Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, health and human services, Homeland Security, housing and urban development, Interior, Justice, Labor, State, Transportation, the Treasury, and Veterans Affairs. President and the Federal Bureaucracy. At the state level, the executive includes governors and their staffs. Campaigns for governor last at least ten months, starting in January of the election year and continuing until the November election.
The candidates for governor must be at least 30 years of age and a U. Congress can create laws, but those laws generally must be signed by the president; if the president refuses to sign a bill, it still can become law if Congress votes to override the president's by a two-thirds majority. These programs resulted in a much larger and more complex federal bureaucracy that was difficult to manage, leading Roosevelt to create the Committee on Administrative Management, popularly known as the Brownlow Committee. During the nineteenth century, cabinet appointments were often made for political reasons, rather than because a president knew or trusted the particular individuals selected. James Ferguson is the only governor ever to be impeached, convicted, and removed from office. Texas governors have traditionally been white, Protestant, wealthy, conservative, middle-aged males who have significant political experience.
The birth of the department was the largest federal government reorganization since the creation of the in 1947. The specific powers given to the president are few, and the language that is used to describe them is often brief and vague. The heads of numerous executive agencies the Central Intelligence Agency, Environmental Protection Agency, etc. The line of succession, in ascending order, includes the president pro tempore of the Texas Senate, Speaker of the House, attorney general, and the chief judges of the Texas Courts of Appeal. The legislature may impeach, convict, and remove from office any official for criminal activity or gross malfeasance in office. The governor has a staff of nearly 250 individuals to assist in carrying out the duties of the office. What Does the Executive Branch Do? Chapter 8 The Texas Executive Branch Chapter Study Outline The Governor 1.