Criticisms include the failure of governments to properly identify and protect trafficking victims, enactment of immigration policies which potentially trafficking victims, including by deporting them, and insufficient action in helping prevent vulnerable populations from becoming trafficking victims.
With such a mindset, many individuals develop alcohol or drug addictions and abusive habits.
The first formal international research into the issue was funded by American philanthropist , through the American Bureau of Social Hygiene.
Vesna Nikovic-Ristanovic also cites this normalization of violence and power as a cause of sex trafficking.
This is known as the.
Much of women's time is spent doing unpaid labor such as housework and , leading to an overall lower income.