Status, stress, and heart disease: A monkey's tale. A conceptual framework for the clinical study of these aspects is presented. Prominent examples are pursed-lip-breathing, active expiration, and body positioning. Readers will find that the behavior of the patient, the prescriber, the systems that allow for these interactions, and, ultimately, the outcomes of medication use are in fact, not as simple as they may appear. Contributor Information Andreas von Leupoldt, Department of Psychology, University of Hamburg, Von-Melle-Park 5, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Readers will learn the impact of patients' attitudes and behaviors in the clinical setting, emphasizing optimal diagnosis and treatment of commonly encountered conditions.
This allows readers who are training to deliver or already delivering pharmaceutical care to enhance their communication, counseling, and patient education skills. To demonstrate the importance of effective communication and sensitivity to cultural diversity, chapters include assessment interviews based on actual patient cases in a variety of practice settings. In addition, the long-term effects and optimal types of nutritional supplementation as well as long-term effects of respective pharmacological interventions e. While working through this superb text, students and practitioners will develop optimal skills as problemsolvers, therapeutic consultants, patient educators, and counselors as they learn how to enhance patient compliance, negate stigma, and help patients become more comfortable with their medical situations. This enlightening resource enables health care providers to look beyond physical symptoms to the psychosocial effects of illness on patientsfor improved provider-patient communication and better clinical outcomes.
Category: Psychology Author : Kenneth J. Undergraduate and graduate pharmacy students; pharmacy school, drug company, and health science center libraries; practicing retail and hospital pharmacists; and national, state, and local pharmacy associations will find Social and Behavioral Aspects of Pharmaceutical Care an important addition to their reading material as it serves as a valuable developmental tool for both students and practicing professionals. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1221— 1228. Method of Participation Modules range from 1-1. With this unique text, readers will learn to assess and address the psychosocial needs of their patients for improved health care and career satisfaction. Global Objectives Each module has customized learning objectives, outlined in the pre-activity material within each individual course.
Field and laboratory studies help to specify causal pathways connecting lifestyle and psychosocial variables to disease processes. In addition to progress in elucidating pathophysiological mechanisms and medical treatment options, recent research has demonstrated the important role of psychosocial factors in the course and management of the disease. Readers will learn the impact of patients' attitudes and behaviors in the clinical setting, emphasizing optimal diagnosis and treatment of commonly encountered conditions. This issue provides the paediatrician, endocrinologist, gynaecologist and general practitioner with underlying information as well as practical tokens on how to manage the various conditions of a disturbed process of puberty. During the past century there have been several formal attempts to acknowledge this interdependence and to revive and codify on a more permanent basis the working relationships between practitioners and scientists from both psychology and medicine. Category: Social Science Author : Gregory L. Most interestingly, induced moderate laughter and smiling were associated with short-term reductions in hyperinflation, whereas intensive laughter was associated with an increase in hyperinflation.
If relevant psychological symptoms become obvious, patients should be referred to a specialized health care professional trained in clinical psychological diagnostics and treatments. Kirk, Jo Weisbrod, Kay Ericson. In a meta-analysis of 13 studies by Yohannes et al. Research over the past two decades has shown that psychological factors and lifestyle have been found to be relevant to the onset and course of disease. American Heart Journal, 112, 653— 665. Moreover, additional research on the optimal transfer of beneficial treatment effects in clinical settings into long-lasting improvements in the daily life of patients is necessary. In addition to the prominent physiological symptoms, psychosocial aspects play an important role in the course and management of the disease.
For a variety of reasons, notably the lack of a sufficient knowledge base in either disci pline, the desired partnership has not come to full flower. New England Journal of Medicine, 346, 393— 403. Recent findings further suggest that also social comparison processes, i. Category: Medical Author : David G. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 601— 605. An understanding of the psychosocial aspects of physical illness is one of the most important contributions that behavioral sciences can make to medicine.
Yet there are signs that a well coordinated multidisciplinary research program can conquer the epidemic and, perhaps, provide the basis for preventing future epidemics. Behavioral Diabetes Institute The is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping people with diabetes live long, healthy and happy lives by recognizing and addressing the critical emotional aspects of the disease. This large variance is presumably related to the large differences in measurement instruments, diagnostic criteria, study designs, and illness severity. Category: Medical Author : Albert I. To demonstrate the importance of effective communication and sensitivity to cultural diversity, chapters include assessment interviews based on actual patient cases in a variety of practice settings. New York: Oxford University Press.
Specifically, strength training of the respiratory muscles was shown to be effective, whereas endurance training was less effective. Laughter is assumed to change the breathing pattern in addition to its positive effects on mood. In addition, these factors codetermine how patients and those in their social environment cope with illness and what their quality of life is. Inspiratory muscle training is aimed at increasing inspiratory muscle strength, usually by having patients breathe through defined resistances i. Inflammation, depressive symptomatology and coronary artery disease. What is the Psychosocial Perspective? Learning to sing is assumed to improve control of breathing and body posture.
Readers will learn the impact of patients' attitudes and behaviors in the clinical setting, emphasizing optimal diagnosis and treatment of commonly encountered conditions. With this unique text, readers will learn to assess and address the psychosocial needs of their patients for improved health care and career satisfaction. Written by over 100 acknowledged leaders in the field, and containing hundreds of tables, graphs, and photographic images, the text deals with issues of neuroimaging and neurodiagnostic testing, prognosis and outcome, acute care, rehabilitative care, treatment of specific populations, neurologic problems following injury, neuromusculoskeletal problems, and general management issues. Child Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect -- Ch. Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Mortality effects of community socioeconomic status. These provider-patient interviews contain both expressed and internal dialogue to clarify underlying psychosocial and behavioral issues that may affect the participants.
An interesting alternative to conventional programs might be internet-based programs, in which patients can participate from home. This valuable resource provides: Keys for understanding the psychosocial perspective across the life span and in various belief systems and cultures Basic counseling and communication techniques Self-care and stress management strategies Guidelines for effective recognition and treatment of specific patient populations including the elderly and end of life issues, chemical and behavioral additions, domestic violence, child maltreatment, mental disorders, and challenging patients requiring special handling Insights on health care practice concerns created by social, economic, ethical and political developments. Readers who approach this text with a real desire to better understand how behavior links to the complexities of an individual? The few available studies on psychotropic medications e. This might include training of adequate eating behavior e. Current Practice Concerns -- Ch. New York: Oxford University Press.