King, Beyond Literal Comprehension: A Strategy to Promote Deep Understanding of Text. Previous research suggests that higher quality writing is typically associated with decreased levels of text narrativity and readability. Hence, composing a high-quality source-based essay an essay written based on source material relies on skills related to both reading the sources and writing the essay skills. Coddington, Engagement Practices for Strategy Learning in Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 126, 211— 227. A critical challenge for computer-based writing instruction is providing appropriate and adaptive practice. Associations were analyzed between each literacy profile and patient demographics, health outcomes and healthcare utilization.
Cognitive Science, 18, 439— 477. The chapter reflects on considerations of the unique needs of adult literacy learners, and outlines the specific guidelines followed to adapt the system to these learners. Strategy instruction across a variety of domains builds on the notion that less skilled students should learn strategies that mimic those exhibited by skilled students. All of the students then self-explained a text about heart disease and answered text-based and bridging-inference questions. The ability to estimate knowledge and performance in college: A metacognitive analysis, Instructional Science, 26, 65— 79.
Mind and society: The development of higher mental processes. Are good texts always better? These readers need to acquire more knowledge and become more proficient readers before crossing over to understanding challenging science text at deeper levels. Undergraduates read science texts using two research tools. Most learners need to be challenged with questions, problems and tasks that place them in cognitive disequilibrium or present desirable difficulties. Just complete the checkout process for this book and it will be shipped to you for immediate use.
Providing strategy instruction has been found to be beneficial to both comprehension and learning. Students need to learn how to learn. These visualizations allowed us to qualitatively analyze the different self-explanation processes of skilled and less skilled readers. Lynch, Comprehension in Preschool and Early Elementary Children: Skill Development and Strategy Interventions. The results of this study indicated that two indices were able to account for 32. Unresolved mysteries: How do metalinguistic and narrative skills connect with early reading? Deep understanding of content emerges from the process of generating inferences as learners attempt to connect explicit ideas in the learning materials. This study investigates this hypothesis by examining how students vary in their use of linguistic features across 16 prompt-based essays.
The results demonstrate that combining both text features and student attributes leads to essay scoring models that are on par with state-of-the-art scoring models. Language entails many nested time scales, ranging from the relatively slow scale of cultural evolution to the rapid scale of individual cognition. Overall, the results of the current study suggest that natural language processing techniques can help to inform models of individual differences among student writers. Elementary School Journal, 90, 469— 484. The speed at which new scientific papers are published has increased dramatically, while the process of tracking the most recent publications having a high impact has become more and more cumbersome. .
Machine learning classifiers in combination with the features were used to predict instruction condition i. Medical Education 2010: 44: 340—346 Objectives This article discusses the need for, and value of, providing students with instruction in how to use comprehension strategies as well as the effectiveness of inducing strategy use through cognitive disequilibrium. Journal of Research in Reading, 10, 122— 143. The simple view of reading. Alternatively, he or she might be in a lively classroom, with other students around, talking and offering suggestions. Making such connections is crucial to learning.
Working memory capacity and suppression. We discuss the implications of these findings and how future research on absolute metacomprehension accuracy should consider different levels of understanding. The purpose of the current study is to examine the impact of reading, writing, and blended i. Our criterion variables are individuals' pretest and posttest math performance scores. We also analyzed associations between the literacy profiles and patient demographics, health outcomes and healthcare utilization. In: D Wilson, C Sutcliffe, eds.
While hierarchical machine learning approaches have been used to classify texts into different content areas, this approach has, to our knowledge, not been used in the automated assessment of text difficulty. We applied natural language processing and machine learning on a large sample of 283,216 secure messages sent from 6,941 patients to their clinicians for this study to develop and validate literacy profiles as indicators of patients' health literacy. Reciprocal teaching improves standardized reading comprehension performance. It may be beneficial to apply a recursive top-down approach to discriminate the subsets of classes that are at the top of the hierarchy and less related, and then further separate the classes into subsets that may be more similar to one other. Factor analyses indicated that these scores captured two main constructs creativity and elaboration. We focus on three dimensions of learner behavior: course activity profiles; quiz activity profiles; and forum best friends.
These results provide further evidence that self-explanation in combination with instruction and practice using comprehension strategies helps students to more effectively process and understand science. Cognitive Strategy instruction in reading. Behavioral Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers 36, 222— 233. Random Forests, which employs multiple decision trees and a bagging approach, was the most accurate classifier for these data. These results are promising and have implications for the future development of automated assessment tools within computer-based learning environments. From a text processing and comprehension viewpoint, the findings indicate, then, that anaphoric reference is not always beneficial and does not always create a more cohesive text. To our knowledge, ReaderBench is the only open-source multilingual textual analysis solution that provides unified access to more than 200 textual complexity indices including: surface, syntactic, morphological, semantic, and discourse specific factors, alongside cohesion metrics derived from specific lexicalized ontologies and semantic models.