. There has certainly been a surge in demand in recent years, as crop taste and the dislike of widespread pesticide usage by producers, have become important factors among sections of the population, particularly young mothers who have been drawn to allotments. Shortage of land and lengthening waiting lists during the current period of increased demand are resulting in a gradual reduction from 10 to 5 pole plots in some areas. In 1965 the Ministry of Land and Resources set up a committee under Professor Thorpe of Birmingham University to investigate the problems surrounding allotments. This book offers the first systematic analysis of the early nineteenth-century allotment movement, providing new data on the chronology of the movement and on the number, geographical distribution, size, rents, cultivation yields and effect on living standards of allotments, showing how the movement brought the culture of the rural labouring poor more closely into line with the mainstream values of respectable mid-Victorian England. It enabled Sanitary Districts to provide allotments, if necessary by the compulsory purchase of land. Contents What Led To Allotments? Sir John Lawes, who converted his inherited estate in Hertfordshire into the Rothampsted Experimental Station, established allotment gardens, and in 1857 he built a social club for use by the plot holders.
The acquisition of land for allotment expansion became more difficult. Rents for allotments had invariably been greater than rents for surrounding farm land, sometimes by a factor of 4 or 5. Apart from the land necessary for cultivation, villagers had also lost their access to common land which they used for animals to graze on and for the collection of fuel items such as turves. A cynical view of history would indicate that we are merely on a temporary upslope of the standard cyclical pattern where periods of enthusiasm alternate with periods of relative disinterest. There is a view that allotments may take on a greater leisure role in the future, as indicated in the Thorpe Report of 1969.
Source Allotment Chronicles Steve Poole Attempts to provide a legal framework for allotment provision met with vociferous opposition from landowners and farmers who feared that they would lose land. As the decline progressed, many sites, particularly those with sheds, had a tendency to become more ramshackled and dilapidated. Unfortunately, the second half of the 20 th century saw a rapid descent from these dizzying heights, as the general standard of living increased and the financial need for individuals to grow their own crops diminished, leaving mainly a core set of diehards. Urban dwellers were becoming more attracted to them: they had little or no access to green spaces in the town; and they were restricted by the laws of enclosure when they went out into the countryside. This pressure was tightened in 1890 when County Councils were required to have an Allotment Committee which was responsible for holding inquiries if a Sanitary District failed to provide allotments.
Their opposition to allotments took various forms: primarily a reticence to make land available landowners were generally loath to force farmers to surrender land ; an unwillingness to loan equipment for transporting manure or for ploughing; and in some cases a downright refusal to hire labourers who had allotments. He was indefatigable in his work for the movement, writing and speaking profusely, and continually badgering other local landowners to provide allotments. These unions subsequently took on other duties such as civil registration births, deaths, marriages, et cetera. Estimates vary as to the total number of allotment sites by 1830. Different second hand books could have different conditions. An allotment could produce double the yield that could be obtained from the equivalent area of farm land due to the fact that it was better prepared, e.
Bronstein, review of The Allotment Movement in England, 1793-1873, p. He subsequently obtained 16 acres from the Hitcham Land Charity in 1849 plus a further 20 acres in the following year. This book casts new light on central aspects of early and mid-nineteenth-century social and economic history, agriculture and rural society. The overall effect was to produce a small prosperous landed gentry and a large disenfranchised peasantry. Overall, Wiltshire was the main hotbed of activity, while Northamptonshire led the way in the Midlands, but there was little happening in the North West. A debate on the perceived advantages of allotments which appeared in the pages of in the mid 1760s indicated that some members of the landed gentry and the clergy had social consciences.
Wheat was next in line, followed by peas and beans, and finally a long thin tail of other crops, e. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The first systematic analysis of the early nineteenth-century allotment movement. In the a parish was allowed to form a union which was to be responsible for the administration and funding of Poor Law Relief. The costs of an allotment were cheap in comparison with the likes of the Guinea Gardens but relatively expensive at circa 12s 6d for 10 poles when compared to council-set rents 100 to 150 years later.
Captain Swing some say an entirely mythical figure led the initial riots in East Kent that quickly spread across Southern England, resulting in the burning of hayricks, the destruction of threshing machines, coupled with acts of robbery and burglary. Buy Used Books and Used Textbooks Buying used books and used textbooks is becoming more and more popular among college students for saving. M, The Allotment Movement in Britain, New York: P. It remains to be seen if this increased interest can be maintained. A furlong stretch was split into strips called sellions , typically of half an acre or less. Allotments were once again investigated in 1998, this time by the Parliamentary Select Committee on The Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs. Other towns had similar schemes: Hunger Hill in Nottingham, Newcastle, Coventry and Warwick.
Editor of journal Berkshire Old and New, 1999-2005; member of editorial board, Rural History: Economy, Society, Culture, 2001—. Nevertheless, it seems bizarre, not to say disheartening, to note that in the two year period from April 2007 to March 2009 during one such upturn in demand there were 98 applications to close statutory allotment sites and only 2 were turned down response to a question asked in Parliament. This only served to provoke large scale criticism and ridicule from the landed gentry. Somewhat perversely, given the progress over this period, there had been little legislation. See for a full list of our partners. The typical size of an urban plot around this time was 20 poles 600 square yards or 500 square metres , although there were signs of 10 pole plots the size of a full plot today , and Lewisham Park in South London even had some 5 pole plots. The attraction of allotments to the poor became stronger around this time with the acceptance of the potato as a staple item of diet, even though many questioned its nutritional value, particularly when compared with the existing diet of bread, cheese and occasional meat.