China has replaced European nations as competitors, and monetary manipulation and dumping rather than tariffs are the bete noires today. Please Consider Donating Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. Marc-William Palen is a historian at the University of Exeter. Phelps, Diplomatic History 'This is a fascinating story, and its one that Palen tells with admirable clarity and concision. There began a political and ideological battle between Victorian free trade cosmopolitanism and economic nationalism which lasted the remainder of the century and beyond. Then, a week after I came back home to the United States, 9-11 happened.
But this began to change following the Second World War when the United States assumed the mantle of free-trade hegemon. Canada responded with tariff increases of its own, for example, as did Europe. The trade wars that followed the Republican passage of the protectionist , which , similarly contain illustrative. How did it affect Anglo-American imperialism? Yet for nearly a century before, American foreign trade policy was dominated by extreme economic nationalism. You can follow him via Twitter:. And these forces were not always aligned, as politics shifted and fortunes waxed and waned.
On the contrary, Palen's sophisticated look into Anglo-American dialogue and domestic political maneuverings show that 'ideological conflict between free traders and economic nationalists laid the imperial path for Anglo-American economic globalization'. Other publications include articles in Diplomatic History, the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, the Historical Journal, Civil War History, the Journal of the History of Economic Thought, and the Journal of the Civil War Era. Sometime in the second semester, he pulled me aside and asked if I had ever considered a PhD in history. All said, this is a splendid book that is timely not just because of its foundation in current globalization, but because Listian nationalism still exists, in the form of Donald Trump. Likewise, a fuller treatment of the British and American domestic scenes — mining into microhistories, say, of certain manufacturers, farmers, unions, companies, cities, regions, and the like — would have also put meat on the rhetorical bones of his actors. Who were the robber barons who benefited from Listian or Cobdenite thinking, and specifically, how? He discussed nineteenth century American political thought, the political economy of Anglo-American globalisation and empire in the Victorian Era, and his future research plans. He is the editor of the popular blog Imperial and Global Forum.
History Department, University of Exeter Follow on Twitter Cross-posted from The How the 1888 elections decided the protectionist course of U. His archival research is solid, though far surpassed by the extensive treatment of periodical and secondary sources; Palen has mined seemingly every commentary on the half century he covers. In answering these questions, The 'Conspiracy' of Free Trade offers the first detailed account of the controversial Anglo-American struggle over empire and economic globalization in the mid- to late-nineteenth century. In a widely cited from 1934, political economist Joseph M. Yet for nearly a century before, American foreign trade policy was dominated by extreme economic nationalism.
This was one of my first encounters with anti-globalism. To be sure, they should be convinced that the Gilded Age narrative is more complex than their wielding of a formula in which free trade equals imperialism; their simplistic rendering of the era is a major weakness. Beginning in the 1840s, this conspiratorial struggle over political economy would rip apart the Republican Party, reshape the Democratic Party, and redirect Anglo-American imperial expansion for decades to come. How did it affect Anglo-American imperialism? Its compelling narrative illustrates greatly the struggle around trade liberalization and empire that was prevalent in the nineteenth century United States. By the late 1880s, 65 U. These free traders supposedly made peace with the British, and joined the European imperialist crowd, albeit mostly in an informal, trade-only way rather than by seizing territory. We recently met with Marc-William Palen in Bristol, where he resides.
Beginning in the 1840s, this conspiratorial struggle over political economy would rip apart the Republican Party, reshape the Democratic Party, and redirect Anglo-American imperial expansion for decades to come. A protester in Genoa was even killed by the Carabinieri. China has replaced European nations as competitors, and monetary manipulation and dumping rather than tariffs are the bete noires today. The 'Conspiracy' of Free Trade demonstrates how questions of tariffs and trade were ideologically charged and central to American conceptions of imperialism and global economic integration in the age of British power. He discussed nineteenth century American political thought, the political economy of Anglo-American globalisation and empire in the Victorian Era, and his future research plans. What brought about this pronounced ideological, political, and economic about face? Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Hopkins because I thought it sounded interesting.
How deep ran anglophobia, and anglophilia for that matter, in the body politic? James Blaine had a lot of ideas, and his Pan-Americanist vision did not come to fruition, but how did that failure relate to the tariff debate beyond putting him in one camp or the other? That is, they reminded us that international trade policy, and particularly the American foreign commercial agenda, is as relevant today as it was in the nineteenth century, the last half of which is the era of focus for historian Marc-William Palen. Jump forward a few years, after studying the classics I found myself working towards an actuarial science degree. Drawing on extensive scholarship in British imperial history, Palen argues that whatever form of imperialism formal, informal, non-commercial, etc. The book reinterprets Anglo-American imperialism through the global interplay between Victorian free-trade cosmopolitanism and economic nationalism, uncovering how imperial expansion and economic integration were mired in political and ideological conflict. This was very much the opposite of the hands-off, non-interventionist, anti-imperial, free trade arguments of Richard Cobden and his followers. What brought about this pronounced ideological, political, and economic about face? How did it affect Anglo-American imperialism? Through them, Palen is able to tell a much broader story.
What were the repercussions for the global capitalist order? The French government responded by refusing to negotiate and instead threatened the Italians with punitive tariffs if Italy did not lower its own. He is convincing and, after all, foreign trade was never a sizable proportion of American wealth, as industry focused on manufacturing and selling in the domestic market on the ideas side of the argument, which is his intention. This was an ideological matter, and not one driven by the quest for profits and material gain or by such cultural trappings as race and gender, as is the common view in contemporary historiography. Each of the nine main chapters deals with a different, and often quite diverse, subject, but the central organising theme of Cobdenite-Listian conflict remains always in focus. The great debate: the first Cleveland presidency, free-trade culture, and the anti-imperialism of free trade, 1885-9; 6. Thomas Zeiler University of Colorado, Boulder Thomas Zeiler is Professor of Diplomatic History at the University of Colorado Boulder.