Recent developments in the Gulf - including the war in Iraq and the crisis surrounding the Iranian nuclear programme - are presenting new challenges to security and stability in the region. This book provides expert contributions on the full range of topics pertaining to the date palm, from its archaeology, cultivation and traditional uses, to biotech applications in modern propagation methods and disease control. The irony is that Africa is, once again, becoming an arena for international competition. It will also continue to ignore traditional military investments by China, Russia, and others both north and south of the Sahara. Later that year, the two countries signed a agreement. And in many ways, the two documents nest nicely.
Those areas are not the whole of Africa, however, and the United States would benefit from viewing the continent the way other powerful states do: as several strategic regions rather than one underdeveloped market. It discusses future policy and strategy of Gulf states. Russia is also engaging in efforts to strengthen bilateral ties with Tunisia. . Russian efforts are also well underway to establish a foothold on the continent, particularly in North Africa.
Sheikh Salman of Bahrain and H. Alice Hunt Friend is a senior fellow with the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D. The National Defense Strategy should be the place to look for the answer. What is the future of oil as a primary source of energy? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the future of oil by assessing the present realities and prospects of the oil sector, tracing the growth of alternative and renewable energy sources and examining the impact of environmental concerns. Its research is nonpartisan and nonproprietary. Accordingly, all views, positions, and conclusions expressed in this publication should be understood to be solely those of the author s.
Starting in 2016, the Russian government began of terrorist groups in the Maghreb to help foil a series of terrorist plots. The inconsistency will confuse resourcing requests for Department of State and DoD activities in Africa, not to mention policy. The struggle for power in Africa among non-African states may be classic, but it will not always be conventional. The country long ago surpassed the United States as. Is the world moving inexorably towards the end of the oil era? You will find a curious disconnect. But the issue is larger than Africa.
A quick glance at the scramble for military basing rights in the Horn of Africa—mostly in the small country of Djibouti—reveal the extent to which Chinese, Middle Eastern, and even Russian interests have begun to vie for space alongside American and European forces. Its value as the sustaining pillar of market gardens in marginal agricultural communities cannot be overemphasized. They investigate the need to establish a coherent and permanent defence system in the region, and address internal security challenges facing the Gulf countries which have cross-border repercussions, such as organized crime, migrant labour and terrorism. Seeking to nurture defence and security dialogue, contributors examine both immediate and potential threats to Gulf security and underline the need for the Gulf countries to develop a greater range of consultative mechanisms. Although controversial business practices and low environmental and labor standards underpin these relationships, no alternative partner— —has been able to marshal resources at a scope and scale competitive with China. This is true even in a narrow military sense. The divergent themes for U.
National Security and Defense Goals in Africa: A Curious Disconnect February 13, 2018 Despite the brief notoriety of U. As a tree that has emerged from ancient history into the modern world, the date palm is eliciting a great deal of interest in fields as diverse as biotechnology and international marketing. The date palm has come of age. Ariel Fanger is a research intern with the International Security Program. The volume also focuses on aspects of energy quality in the ongoing energy transition, highlights new technological developments in the oil industry and suggests ways to ensure price stability in the oil market. China has expanded African mining and oil industries in exchange for trade deals and has made large infrastructure investments via lucrative debt financing arrangements.
None of this is to claim that there are easy answers to either U. Although there are echoes of past American democratization and development goals in Africa, as well as the continuing challenges posed by insurgencies and terrorist groups, these are all a function—or a product—of economic performance. © 2018 by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. This book aims to offer useful perspectives on some of the more critical issues involved and provides insight on the views held by prominent decision-makers, including Lord Robertson, General Sir Charles Guthrie, H. Security of the Gulf region is an important topic.
It provides a thorough overview for any reader wanting to gain insight into this industry, from its ancient roots to its modern day practices. Djibouti is home to fully half of the U. There is nothing explicitly about China or methods for securing African commerce or the future of African defense industries. The National Security Strategy frames the approach to Africa largely in economic terms, which, it explains, serves two purposes: profit and competition with China. Or does DoD not see a role for itself in state-level competition in Africa? Defence policy-makers from Britain and the Gulf here analyze different aspects of British policy and its repercussions for Gulf security. Cultivated for millennia in the arid regions of the world, from the Atlantic Ocean across North Africa, the importance of the date palm is being rediscovered.
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